The 5Rs of Openness

John Johnston


Sharing is Confusing


Hopefully an amusing picture of the confusion around sharing.

I remember starting teaching, topic boxes, shared rersources, banda worksheets etc.

A computer freed me from the smell, mistakes, a freed pupils from my handwriting and spelling.

I had a short period of time where I made and sold educational shareware and learned a bit about fobiding license agreements. It also pointed out the difficulty of making money from resources I created. Before the Internet had reached classrooms, mailing every school in Scotland a folded A4 and delivering software on floppy disk, made me 100s of £ but took 1000s of hours.

I was learning about online sharing through AOL HyperCard forums and mailing list. I’ve still not seen more generous place, a mix of professionals, amaturs & newcommers.

I then got more interested in my pupils sharing their learning via blogs and podcasts, seeing the wonderfilled results. This lead me to sharing on my own blog and living to some extent on the Internet.

We share all of the time online, status, photos, ideas, documents ect. The cost is low, no stamps, paper, printing costs.

I am just thinking aloud around sharing.

We are at a TeachMeet

Rules for breaking

This is not powerpoint, but looks pretty mucgh like a bad one.

Creative Commons

Creative Commons Logo

Creative Commons helps you share your knowledge and creativity with the world.

Creative Commons develops, supports, and stewards legal and technical infrastructure that maximizes digital creativity, sharing, and innovation

Click on the logo, check the different licenses. As a blogger I soon became aware of creative commons

Why Creative Commons

The idea of universal access to research, education, and culture is made possible by the Internet, but our legal and social systems don’t always allow that idea to be realized. Copyright was created long before the emergence of the Internet, and can make it hard to legally perform actions we take for granted on the network: copy, paste, edit source, and post to the Web. The default setting of copyright law requires all of these actions to have explicit permission, granted in advance, whether you’re an artist, teacher, scientist, librarian, policymaker, or just a regular user. To achieve the vision of universal access, someone needed to provide a free, public, and standardized infrastructure that creates a balance between the reality of the Internet and the reality of copyright laws. That someone is Creative Commons.

Like a good little blogger I’ve been trying to apply these liceses to my blog, flickr photos etc and respect them Like lots of teachers I have sometimes, just gogoled an image and copy-pasted text with abandon Like lots of Internet natives I sometime choose to ignore copyright of large companies to make an amusing gif

For Example

Free Cultural Works

Lord there is more!


Free cultural works are the ones that can be most readily used, shared, and remixed by others, and go furthest toward creating a commons of freely reusable materials.

Free Culture Works

Free to use (for any purpose), remix & share

Walking a Tightrope

Tit-Bits -

Creativity, serendipity and open content | Open World

How far do you go, a google search for license material, trus a link…

OER OEP and other opennesses


Open Scotland | Promoting the development and adoption of open education policies and practices in Scotland. #openscot

OEPScotland | Opening Educational Practices in Scotland

Leicester City Council and OER for SchoolsOpen Scotland | Open Scotland

Like anyone interested in education and reading a wee bit on the Internet I was aware of the OER movement, it often seemed a bit dry and technical, discussing repositories and metadata in a technical way.

Last year I (along with Ian) got an invite to an Open Scotland forum meeting. This proved enlightening, after the first few minutes I realised that I was an ‘open educator’;-)

Lescester Great project


David Wiley 4Rs 2007 added 5th 2014

David A. Wiley Blog iterating toward openness

the ALMS Framework

Using the ALMS Framework as a guide, open content publishers can make technical choices that enable the greatest number of people possible to engage in the 5R activities. This is not an argument for “dumbing down” all open content to plain text. Rather it is an invitation to open content publishers to be thoughtful in the technical choices they make - whether they are publishing text, images, audio, video, simulations, or other media. Access to Editing Tools: Is the open content published in a format that can only be revised or remixed using tools that are extremely expensive (e.g., 3DS MAX)? Is the open content published in an exotic format that can only be revised or remixed using tools that run on an obscure or discontinued platform (e.g., OS/2)? Is the open content published in a format that can be revised or remixed using tools that are freely available and run on all major platforms (e.g., OpenOffice)? Level of Expertise Required: Is the open content published in a format that requires a significant amount technical expertise to revise or remix (e.g., Blender)? Is the open content published in a format that requires a minimum level of technical expertise to revise or remix (e.g., Word)? Meaningfully Editable: Is the open content published in a manner that makes its content essentially impossible to revise or remix (e.g., a scanned image of a handwritten document)? Is the open content published in a manner making its content easy to revise or remix (e.g., a text file)? Self-Sourced: It the format preferred for consuming the open content the same format preferred for revising or remixing the open content (e.g., HTML)? Is the format preferred for consuming the open content different from the format preferred for revising or remixing the open content (e.g. Flash FLA vs SWF)?

Reuse – Use the work verbatim, just exactly as you found it Rework – Alter or transform the work so that it better meets your needs Remix – Combine the (verbatim or altered) work with other works to better meet your needs Redistribute – Share the verbatim work, the reworked work, or the remixed work with others

Sharing is Messy (2006)

My first interesting experience with Creative Commons. CBS News used my image without attribution and possible in breach of my then NC license.

Later I’ve had more pleasent interactions, people asked if they could use images in websites & a book (I got a free book)

Sharing is Messy 2007 Meaningfully Editable?

Garageband Plans

YouTube for Sharing

you agree not to access Content or any reason other than your personal, non-commercial use solely as intended through and permitted by the normal functionality of the Service, and solely for Streaming. “Streaming” means a contemporaneous digital transmission of the material by YouTube via the Internet to a user operated Internet enabled device in such a manner that the data is intended for real-time viewing and not intended to be downloaded (either permanently or temporarily), copied, stored, or redistributed by the user.




Getting there

Glow Blog Help

Menus | Glow Blog Help

Several formats including OpenOffice, word, html, pdf

Not got a license on it yet, thinking about open government license

Why is this presentation so awful


It is trying to be two things, a wb page & a slidedeck